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Analysis of Neural Data

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A non-sationary copula-based spike count model
Citation key Onken2010
Author Onken, A. and Grünewälder, S. and Munk, M. and Obermayer, K.
Title of Book Computational and Systems Neuroscience
Year 2010
Abstract Recently, detailed dependencies of spike counts were successfully modeled with the help of copulas [1, 2, 3]. Copulas can be used to couple arbitrary single neuron distributions to form joint distributions with various dependencies. This approach has so far been restricted to stationary spike rates and dependencies. It is known, however, that spike counts of recorded neurons can exhibit non-stationary behavior within trials. In this work, we extend the copula approach to capture non-stationary rates and dependence strengths which are on the order of several hundred milliseconds. We use Poisson marginals for the single neuron statistics and several copula families with and without tail dependencies to couple these marginals. The rates of the Poisson marginals and the dependence strengths of the copula families are time-dependent and fitted to overlapping 100 ms time bins using the inference for margins procedure. To reduce the model complexity we then use regularized least-squares fits 232 COSYNE 10 III-60 of polynomial basis functions for the time-dependent rates and dependence strengths. The approach is applied to data that were recorded from macaque prefrontal cortex during a visual delayed match-to-sample task. Spike trains were recorded using a micro-tetrode array and post-processed using a PCA-based spike sorting method. We compare the cross-validated log likelihoods of the non-stationary models to the corresponding stationary models that have the same marginals and copula families. We find that taking non-stationarities into account increases the likelihood of the test set trials. The approach thereby widens the applicability of detailed dependence models of spike counts. This work was supported by BMBF grant 01GQ0410. [1] A. Onken, S. Grünewälder, M. H. J. Munk, and K. Obermayer. Analyzing short-term noise dependencies of spike-counts in macaque prefrontal cortex using copulas and the flashlight transformation. PLoS Computational Biology, in press. [2] A. Onken, S. Grünewälder, M. H. J. Munk, and K. Obermayer. Modeling short-term noise dependence of spike counts in macaque prefrontal cortex. In D. Koller, D. Schuurmans, Y. Bengio, and L. Bottou, editors, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 21, pages 1233-1240, 2009. [3] P. Berkes, F. Wood, and J. Pillow. Characterizing neural dependencies with copula models. In D. Koller, D. Schuurmans, Y. Bengio, and L. Bottou, editors, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 21, pages 129-136, 2009.
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