direkt zum Inhalt springen

direkt zum Hauptnavigationsmenü

Sie sind hier

TU Berlin

Inhalt des Dokuments

Reduced course portfolio due to COVID-19 pandemic

Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic the Neural Information Processing group might not offer all courses for the SoSe 2021. Further information of the execution can be found on ISIS.

The following courses will be offered:

- Praktisches Programmieren und Rechneraufbau 

- Machine intelligence II 

- Einführung in die Informatik . Vertiefung 

- NI-Projekt

The following courses might take place (not decided yet):

- Advanced topics in reinforcement learning

Neural Information Processing Group

We are concerned with the principles underlying information processing in biological systems. On the one hand we want to understand how the brain computes, on the other hand we want to utilize the strategies employed by biological systems for machine learning applications. Our research interests cover three thematic areas.

Models of Neuronal Systems:

Lupe

In collaboration with neurobiologists and clinicians we study how the visual system processes visual information. Research topics include: cortical dynamics, the representation of visual information, adaptation and plasticity, and the role of feedback. More recently we became interested in how perception is linked to cognitive function, and we began to study computational models of decision making in uncertain environments, and how those processes interact with perception and memory.

Machine Learning and Neural Networks:

Lupe

Here we investigate how machines can learn from examples in order to predict and (more recently) act. Research topics include the learning of proper representations, active and semisupervised learning schemes, and prototype-based methods. Motivated by the model-based analysis of decision making in humans we also became interested in reinforcement learning schemes and how these methods can be extended to cope with multi-objective cost functions. In collaboration with colleagues from the application domains, machine learning methods are applied to different problems ranging from computer vision, information retrieval, to chemoinformatics.

Analysis of Neural Data:

Lupe

Here we are interested to apply machine learning and statistical methods to the analysis of multivariate biomedical data, in particular to data which form the basis of our computational studies of neural systems. Research topics vary and currently include spike-sorting and the analysis of multi-tetrode recordings, confocal microscopy and 3D-reconstruction techniques, and the analysis of imaging data. Recently we became interested in the analysis of multimodal data, for example, correlating anatomical, imaging, and genetic data.

Selected Publications

Approximate Inference for Time-varying Interactions and Macroscopic Dynamics of Neural Populations
Citation key Donner2016
Author Donner, C. and Obermayer, K. and Shimazaki, H.
Pages 1 -27
Year 2016
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005309
Journal PLoS Computional Biology
Volume 13
Number 1
Abstract The models in statistical physics such as an Ising model offer a convenient way to characterize stationary activity of neural populations. Such stationary activity of neurons may be expected for recordings from in vitro slices or anesthetized animals. However, modeling activity of cortical circuitries of awake animals has been more challenging because both spike-rates and interactions can change according to sensory stimulation, behavior, or an internal state of the brain. Previous approaches modeling the dynamics of neural interactions suffer from computational cost; therefore, its application was limited to only a dozen neurons. Here by introducing multiple analytic approximation methods to a state-space model of neural population activity, we make it possible to estimate dynamic pairwise interactions of up to 60 neurons. More specifically, we applied the pseudolikelihood approximation to the state-space model, and combined it with the Bethe or TAP mean-field approximation to make the sequential Bayesian estimation of the model parameters possible. The large-scale analysis allows us to investigate dynamics of macroscopic properties of neural circuitries underlying stimulus processing and behavior. We show that the model accurately estimates dynamics of network properties such as sparseness, entropy, and heat capacity by simulated data, and demonstrate utilities of these measures by analyzing activity of monkey V4 neurons as well as a simulated balanced network of spiking neurons.
Bibtex Type of Publication Selected:structured selected:main selected:publications
Link to original publication Download Bibtex entry

To top

Zusatzinformationen / Extras

Quick Access:

Schnellnavigation zur Seite über Nummerneingabe

Auxiliary Functions

Head
Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Klaus Obermayer
Room MAR 5043

virtual
consultation hours:
Wed 12am-1pm
registration via email

During the restricted acces to TU buildings in reacion to the Covid-19 pandemic, it is nescessary to register per email for the office hour of Prof. Obermayer.

Please send an email with some days in advance to explain your concern. If it is not possible to solve it by email, you will receive an email at the time of the office hour (Wed, 12-1 pm) including a link which will allow to participate in a video conference with Prof. Obermayer.

All requets will be handled first-in-first-out. Please stay tuned for the whloe time of the office hour.

Administrative Office
Groiss, Camilla
Room MAR 5042
Fon: +49 30 314 73442
Fax: +49 30 314 73121


Consultation hours:
We 9am - 11am