direkt zum Inhalt springen

direkt zum Hauptnavigationsmenü

Sie sind hier

TU Berlin

Inhalt des Dokuments

Neural Information Processing Group

We are concerned with the principles underlying information processing in biological systems. On the one hand we want to understand how the brain computes, on the other hand we want to utilize the strategies employed by biological systems for machine learning applications. Our research interests cover three thematic areas.

Models of Neuronal Systems:

Lupe

In collaboration with neurobiologists and clinicians we study how the visual system processes visual information. Research topics include: cortical dynamics, the representation of visual information, adaptation and plasticity, and the role of feedback. More recently we became interested in how perception is linked to cognitive function, and we began to study computational models of decision making in uncertain environments, and how those processes interact with perception and memory.

Machine Learning and Neural Networks:

Lupe

Here we investigate how machines can learn from examples in order to predict and (more recently) act. Research topics include the learning of proper representations, active and semisupervised learning schemes, and prototype-based methods. Motivated by the model-based analysis of decision making in humans we also became interested in reinforcement learning schemes and how these methods can be extended to cope with multi-objective cost functions. In collaboration with colleagues from the application domains, machine learning methods are applied to different problems ranging from computer vision, information retrieval, to chemoinformatics.

Analysis of Neural Data:

Lupe

Here we are interested to apply machine learning and statistical methods to the analysis of multivariate biomedical data, in particular to data which form the basis of our computational studies of neural systems. Research topics vary and currently include spike-sorting and the analysis of multi-tetrode recordings, confocal microscopy and 3D-reconstruction techniques, and the analysis of imaging data. Recently we became interested in the analysis of multimodal data, for example, correlating anatomical, imaging, and genetic data.

Selected Publications

How Adaptation Currents Change Threshold, Gain and Variability of Neuronal Spiking
Citation key Ladenbauer2014
Author Ladenbauer, J. and Augustin, M. and Obermayer, K.
Pages 939–953
Year 2014
DOI 10.1152/jn.00586.2013
Journal Journal of Neurophysiology
Volume 111
Number 5
Abstract Many types of neurons exhibit spike rate adaptation, mediated by intrinsic slow K(+)-currents, which effectively inhibit neuronal responses. How these adaptation currents change the relationship between in-vivo like fluctuating synaptic input, spike rate output and the spike train statistics, however, is not well understood. In this computational study we show that an adaptation current which primarily depends on the subthreshold membrane voltage changes the neuronal input-output relationship (I-O curve) subtractively, thereby increasing the response threshold, and decreases its slope (response gain) for low spike rates. A spike-dependent adaptation current alters the I-O curve divisively, thus reducing the response gain. Both types of adaptation currents naturally increase the mean inter-spike interval (ISI), but they can affect ISI variability in opposite ways. A subthreshold current always causes an increase of variability while a spike-triggered current decreases high variability caused by fluctuation-dominated inputs and increases low variability when the average input is large. The effects on I-O curves match those caused by synaptic inhibition in networks with asynchronous irregular activity, for which we find subtractive and divisive changes caused by external and recurrent inhibition, respectively. Synaptic inhibition, however, always increases the ISI variability. We analytically derive expressions for the I-O curve and ISI variability, which demonstrate the robustness of our results. Furthermore, we show how the biophysical parameters of slow K(+)-conductances contribute to the two different types of adaptation currents and find that Ca(2+)-activated K(+)-currents are effectively captured by a simple spike-dependent description, while muscarine-sensitive or Na(+)-activated K(+)-currents show a dominant subthreshold component.
Bibtex Type of Publication Selected:main selected:adaptation selected:publications
Link to publication Download Bibtex entry

To top